At the turn of the century, cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) became the leading cause of mortality in India. It is therefore extremely important that heart health is monitored regularly to avoid heart attacks even before they emerge.
A heart attack is a fatal emergency that causes the heart muscle to die due to inadequate blood supply. This is usually caused by a blockage in the arteries that supply blood to the heart. If the blood flow does not recover immediately, a heart attack can cause permanent heart damage and death.
Heart attacks are detected using various devices as below besides examining physical symptoms
- STEMI and non-STEMI heart attacks.
- Blood tests.
- Heart computed tomography (CT) scan.
- Heart MRI.
- Nuclear heart scans.
MANAGEMENT AND TREATMENT
How are heart attacks treated?
Treatment of a heart attack means restoring blood flow to the affected heart muscle as soon as possible. This can be done in a variety of ways, from medication to surgery. Treatment is very likely to use some of the following methods:
People with dyspnea or low blood oxygen levels are often given oxygen supplementation along with other heart attack treatments. This increases the circulation of oxygen in the blood and relieves stress on your heart.
- Anti-clotting medications.
- Thrombolytic (clot-busting) medications.
- Antiarrhythmic medications.
- Pain medications.
Percutaneous coronary intervention
Restoration of blood flow to the affected heart muscle is usually done using a procedure called percutaneous coronary intervention. This procedure uses a catheter-based device that is inserted into a large blood vessel. PCI often involves placing a stent at the site of obstruction.
Coronary artery bypass grafting
Patients with severe coronary artery blockages may have coronary artery bypass grafts. This surgery is often referred to as open-heart surgery, bypass surgery, or CABG. This circulates blood around the blocked area of the artery.
How can I reduce my risk of having a heart attack?
Although there are several risk factors that you can’t control, there are many ways in which you can maintain health reducing your risk of a heart attack. These include:
- Schedule a check-up.
- Quit tobacco products.
- Eat a healthy diet.
- Maintain a healthy weight.
- Manage your existing health conditions.
- Reduce your stress.
- Take your medications.
- Keep all your medical appointments.
Being an active contributor to your health doesn’t mean that your life comes to a standstill. Stay in touch with your cardiologist associated with a leading heart attack specialty hospital in Tamilnadu for expert guidance.
A leading heart attack treatment hospital will ensure you get the best cardiac care and monitoring to get you back in action and maintain a healthy lifestyle.
Murugan’s Clinic is equipped with the best cardiologists and is one of the leading heart attack treatment centres in Nagercoil.