Pediatric Congenital Heart Disease

Pediatric Congenital Heart Disease

Congenital Heart Disease is often detected in the earliest days of pregnancy when the foetal heartbeat becomes detectable. If it’s missed in the prenatal scans, the baby during childbirth may show symptoms like being blue or even have abnormal heart sounds called a murmur which in a few cases may be caused due to abnormal blood flow to the heart.

Most heart murmurs are innocent, meaning that there is no heart defect and the murmur isn’t dangerous to your child’s health. However, some murmurs may be caused by abnormal blood flow to and from the heart.

Congenital Heart Disease is detected through various tests like

  • Pulse oximetry.
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG).
  • Chest X-ray.
  • Cardiac catheterization.
  • Heart magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

Treatment

Treatment of congenital heart disease in children depends on the type of heart problem and its severity. Congenital heart disease does not have a long-term effect on a child’s health and maybe left untreated safely. Certain defects, such as the following, small holes can close as a child grows older.

Serious heart defects require immediate treatment after diagnosis. Treatment may include medication, heart surgery, or a heart transplant.

Medications

Medications may be given to treat symptoms or complications of congenital heart disease in children and are often used by themselves or along with surgery. Medications for congenital heart defects include:

  • Blood pressure drugs.
  • Diuretics.
  • Heart rhythm drugs.
  • Surgery or other procedures.
  • Foetal cardiac intervention.
  • Cardiac catheterization.
  • Heart surgery.
  • Heart transplant.

Lifestyle and home remedies

If your child has congenital heart disease, lifestyle changes may be recommended by your paediatric cardiologists to keep the heart healthy and prevent complications.

Sports and activity restrictions

Children with congenital heart disease may need to limit physical activity and exercise. However, many of these children can participate in normal or near-normal activities. Your child’s doctor is the best judge of what is deemed fit for the child.

Preventive antibiotics

Congenital heart disease can increase the risk of infection of the inner wall of the heart and valves. Due to this reason precautions should be taken before any dental procedure that might need antibiotics.

Coping and Support

Living with congenital heart disease can cause stress and anxiety in children. Talking to a therapist or counsellor can be of immense help to you and your child.

It is not only important to do be under the routine medical care of an expert paediatric CHD specialist but also be associated with a good hospital that handles paediatric CHD with expertise. A hospital can be considered to be a good hospital in Tamilnadu if they provide for a specialized paediatric cardiologist who has experience in treating CHD.

Murugan’s Clinic is equipped with the best doctors and is one of the leading paediatric congenital heart disease treatment centres in Tamilnadu.



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